Category Archives: HR Investigations

Oh No, Not You (Again): Serious Enforcement of Harassment Policies Is Absolutely Necessary

Contributed by Steven Jados, November 22, 2017

During the past several weeks, it seems that every day has featured new allegations of sexual harassment involving celebrities, politicians, and others in positions of power.

These allegations invite a question to employers: Do you want to be in the news for all the wrong reasons? No? Good, because this moment in time should impress upon all businesses the importance of vigilant enforcement of anti-harassment policies.

HandbookThe first step in enforcement is ensuring that anti-harassment policies are properly communicated to all employees—from entry-level to C-Suite.  All employees should be told, in no uncertain terms, on day one of their employment and regularly thereafter, that they have the right not to be sexually harassed at work. The company’s management—all the way to the top of the organization—must also be put on notice that employees have the right not to be sexually harassed at work, and that credible allegations of harassment will carry real consequences for those who engage in such unacceptable behavior.

Employees must also be trained on how to make internal complaints of harassment within the company.  On that point, employees should know that they can contact human resources, or any appropriate member of management with whom the employee is comfortable with, to disclose improper conduct without fear of retaliation.

Training must also extend to human resources and all members of management, so that they know to recognize harassment complaints for what they are—and so the company’s investigation and enforcement procedures can promptly be put into action. Management must take all complaints or possible situations of harassment seriously, and investigate them to their reasonable conclusion.  There can be no off-the-record complaints; companies cannot look the other way because an accused manager was “just kidding” or, even worse, because an individual “gets to do whatever he or she wants.”  In the end, appropriate disciplinary action and re-training must follow when the company’s investigation determines that harassment occurred.

While proper investigation procedures can shield companies from liability in certain circumstances, failures in implementation, training, investigation, and enforcement of anti-harassment policies are more likely to result in legal liability, negative publicity and adverse financial implications.

Attention employers: Do you have questions on how to implement or communicate anti-harassment policies? Are you uncertain how you should respond to employee complaints? Do you need help in training your employees and management on company anti-harassment policies and procedures? Or, like many employers, are you simply hesitant to investigate harassment allegations against high-level managers?

Ultimately, if you are asking these questions, the best approach is to seek the advice of experienced employment counsel so that potential areas of liability can be contained and minimized, or better yet, eliminated as soon as possible.

“We Recommend Keeping This Confidential” Still Violates the Law According to the NLRB

Contributed by Jamie Kauther

Over the last few years the National Labor Relations Board (“NLRB”) has been cracking down on employee confidentiality mandates. An employer can legally require employees to keep trade secrets and legally protected information confidential, but according to the NLRB’s most recent ruling on August 27, 2015 an employer cannot even “recommend” that employees keep internal investigations confidential  (Boeing Co., 362 N.L.R.B. No. 195, 8/27/2015). The Board ruled that Boeing Company’s revised policy that “recommends” employees refrain from discussing HR investigations was unlawful as it violates employee’s rights to engage in concerted activity under Section 7 of the National Labor Relations Act (“NLRA”).

Confidential StampThe Board explained that although employers may “legitimately require confidentiality in appropriate circumstances” the impact of any confidentiality policy must be limited. Essentially, the Board created an individualized balancing approach that requires an employer to weigh its interests in confidentiality against employees’ Section 7 rights. Although it laid out examples of what situations would tip the scales, the Board did not set a clear standard. The examples provided include instances of likely witness intimidation or harassment, destruction of evidence or other misconduct that could jeopardize the investigation’s integrity. However, no specific examples were provided as to when these issues can occur. This standard imparts on employers a requirement to tailor-fit their confidentiality policies to be enforced on a case-by-case basis. As the Board explained, “generalized concern” about the integrity of all investigations is “insufficient to justify [a] sweeping policy,” including one that simply “recommends” confidentiality.

This new individualized balancing standard is a bit of a head scratcher. However, the Board did identify some bad practices that would not pass muster. It expressly pointed out Boeing’s requirement to have employees sign a policy notice without a Section 7 disclaimer in the policy or notice that the employee could disregard the confidentiality recommendation. The Board held that this clearly communicated Boeing’s improper desire for confidentiality.

So what is a best practice in light of this decision? Remove sweeping confidentiality policies pertaining to internal investigations and eliminate requirements that when employees sign notices they understand the confidentiality recommended. Instead, discuss with the employee during an investigation the desire for confidentiality based on the facts of the specific investigation. Remember this ruling only applies to what limits can be placed on employees with knowledge of the investigation. It has no bearing on a company’s approach or handling of an investigation – meaning the company can and should still clearly reiterate in its policies that it will handle all investigations with discretion and will preserve the confidentiality of all involved persons to the extent possible. Essentially, an employer can still control the information it relays, just not what other involved employees communicate.